Recent scientific evidences are pointing out that an infectious agent(s) may play an important role in the pathophysiology of certain neuropsychiatric disorders in children 1,11,17,19,20 . Group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (GABS), and (possibly) other microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) have been implicated as causative agents in the ethiology of at least some cases of Obsessive Compulsive Disorders in children 1,8,19,20 , tic disorders (including Tourette's) 1,18,19,20 , Autistic Spectrum Disorders 10 and Anorexia Nervosa 17 . Presumed pathophysiological mechanisms are likely based on neurotropic auto immune antibody injury to the neurons 20 .
HIV-infected individuals are likely to be at increased risk for meningococcal disease; HIV-infected individuals who wish to reduce their risk of meningococcal disease may receive primary immunization against meningococcal disease.  Although efficacy of meningitis A,C,Y and W-135 vaccines have not been evaluated in HIV-infected individuals to date, HIV-infected individuals 11–55 years of age may receive primary immunization with the conjugated vaccine.  Vaccination against meningitis does not decrease CD4+ T-cell counts or increase viral load in HIV-infected individuals, and there has been no evidence that the vaccines adversely affect survival.   
A wide spectrum of antibiotics comprising mainly of rifampicin, ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone and prophylaxis are administered to patients with rash. Prompt medication is highly essential to curb the chances of future infections. Physicians often change the antibiotic drugs for faster recovery. However, viral meningitis does not respond to the antibiotic therapy. Steroid injections can also be given to reduce the inflammation of the meninges. In severe cases, administration of benzylpenicillin prior to hospitalization would be necessary. Admitted patients with hypotension or shock are generally given intravenous fluids. Anticonvulsants are recommended to the patients to reduce seizures. Patients with a weak pulmonary system need to be given oxygen with the aid of a mechanical ventilator.